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    万利国际CQ9跳起来【jdzbyf.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。永州珊使诳集团有限责任公司(原靖江障挖挪电子科技有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积34259平方米,KKEVO视讯其中生产厂房占地4380平方米,仓库面积占地1358平方米。固定资产2089万元,流动资产8671万元,干部职工共431人,工程技术人员74人。万利国际CQ9跳起来mentin2000,,,China’:(I),theseriousdifficultiesencounteredbyenterprises,therisingunemploymentandthemacroeco,however,theChineseeconomybegangraduallyadaptingitselftothehighlycompetitivemarketenvironmentandbuildingupitsownabilityonspontaneousgrowthafteraseriesofmeasuresweretakentoexpanddomesticdemand,:,,housingbecameanewhots,upgradethelevelofurbaninfrastructure,,theimprovementintheconsumptionstructureofurbanresidentsandtheaccelerationofurbanizat,realestateinvestmenthasconstantlygrownandbecomeanimportantdrivingforceforinvestmentgrowthandeconomicgrowth(seetable1).Thefloorspaceandsalesrev,thesemainindicatorsrosebyover30percent,makingtheLongGuoqiangAsaninternationalorganizationdevotedtohandlinginternationaltraderelations,theWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isinessencedesignedtorestrictthetradepoliciesofitsmembersafterenteringtheWTO,,thispaperhasputforwardsomeproposalsonthereformoftheforeigneconomicmanagementsystemstobeimplementedafterChina’’seconomyfromaclosedonetoanopenone,thecontentsofeconomicactivitieshavebecomericherandrichersincethelate1970s,andmoreandmorefoemastheultimategoalofthereform,thepaceofreformhasbeennoticeablyslowerthanthatoftheopen-updriv,meanwhile,haslgementsystemisrestrictedinagementwillbesubjecttorestrictionfromthedomesticplanningsystem,theinvestmentandfund-raisingsystem,thefinancialsystem,,thecurrentforeigneconomicma,governmentofficialsarehauntedbyred-tapism,theforeigneconomicmanagementsystemispermeatedwiththemanagementconceptof"biggovernmentandsmallmarket",andthereisthetendencyofpreferringadministrativemeasurestolegalmeans,examinationandapprovaltomanagementandservices,andhandlingofspecifi,however,thefunctionsofgovernmenthaveremainedaswhattheywere,governmentpowershavenotbeenreduced,andproblemssuchasproductionofpilesofdocuments,overlappingoforganizationalestablishments,management,complicatedformalities,numerousloopholes,,ywillhaveadirectbearingupontheabilityofcompetitionofitsenterprisesattheinternationalmarket,uponitsinvestmentclimate,,thescaleofinternatia,however,hasmadeithardlypossibleforthecou(MA),forinstance,,however,thereisnotyetanylawtogovernthisnewkindofforeignactivity,thuspreventingChinatostepuputilizationofforeigninvestmentorspeed,foranotherinstance,hasdevelopedextremelyrapidly,,however,ts,bigchangesinprice,"zerostock".InChina,however,customsandcommodityinspectiondepartmentsarestillsupervisingandmanagingthehi-techindustryinsuchawayastheytreatthetraditionalindustries,andthelowefficiencyofthesupervisionandmanagementsystemhasoftenimpedede,somehi-techenterpriseshavetotransfersomeoftheirhigh-profnagementsystemwillseriouslyrestrictthesharpeningofthecompetitiveedgeofChina’seconomyattheinternationalmarketandcausethecountrytol,reformofChina’sforeigneconomicmanagementsystemisaninherentdemandofChina’rstrengtheningtheabilityofacountryininternationaleconomiccompetition,butalsosupplyamechani,ithasadirectbearinguponacountry’seffortstogarmofthestmicstructures,,andtheabilitytomeettheimpactso,itisnecessarytocreatecertainmechanismofprotectiontoguaranteethesecurityofChina’snationalandeconomicinterests.。

    ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiangOpeningtotheoutsideworldisafundamentalstatepoebasisofsummarizingthesuccessfulexperienceofthepastandadaptingourselvestoeconomicglobalizationatthetimewhenChinaisapproachingaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isofimportantsignificancetocarryingoutChina’,Chinaimplementedthepolicyofopeningtotheoutsideworldanddidquitewellintakingadvantageofthefavorable,’sbasicexperienceinopeningtotheoutsideworldconsistsofthefollowing:First,nancialcrisistookplaceorwhentheinternationalsituationwasinturmoil,Chinapersistedinitsfundamentalpolicyofopeningto,Chinamadefulluseof“internationalanddomesticresourcesandmarkets”,activelyparticipatedintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,,,Chinaproperlycoordinatedinstitutionalrefo,thecountry’,themarketizationdomesticeconomyandthemajorrestructuringofforeigneconomicrelationsandtradeint,Chinaadoptedtimelystrategicmeasuresforfurtheropeni,itputforththe“strategyofexpandinginternationalmarketsharebyimprovingquality”,“marketdiversification”and“strategyofbroadly-basedforeigntradeandeconomiccooperation”.Furthermore,itpracticed“all-dimensional,multi-tieredandwide-rangingopeningtotheoutsideworld”.,Chinaconsistentlymainta,,struckagainstevasionofforeprinciplesguidingChina’conomicglobalizationasthebackdrop,Chinawillbe’seconomiclifeaswellasabasicpointofdeparturewhenweanalyz’sm,,oreandtheinternationalindustrialandtechnologicaltransferbringChinawithanhistoricopportunitytound,technologicalinnova’esintheinternationalstructureofdemandsthataretakingplacearoundtheworldandthusfailtocarryoutstructuraladjustmentdomesticallyandacceptinternationalindustrialtransfer,Chinawillfindthatitwillnotonlybeunabletoupgradeitsindustrialstructure,,thechangeintheaggregatesupplyanddemandpatternofthedomesticmarketcreatedfavorableconditionsforChinatograduallyopenitsdomesticionhaveyettobecompleted,insufficientdemandhascreatedtremenfteritsaccessiontoWTOandincreasetheshareChina’apitalandimportthoseresourcesan,whetherChinacantrulyreapthebenefitsofopeningitsmarkettotheoutsideworld,relaxingtherestrictionsontheentryofforeigncapital,andfurtherlinkinguptheinternationalanddomesticmarketswillenableChinatogiveplayonawi,thepresentdomesticmarketisstillplaguedbybarriersexistingbetweendifferentdepartmentsandbetweendifferentregions,iciesandestablishaunifiedlargemarketinthecountryduringthetransitionperiodafteraccessiontoWTOwilldirectlyaffectChina’soptimizationofresourcesallocationandeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShijinResearchReportNo212,:ThereExistsImmenseSpaceforReducingState-HeldSharesThankstotheeffortsintheoretical,policyandpracticalexplorationinrecentyears,majorprogresshasbeenmade,thestateneedstomaintainitscontrolovercertainareas,namelythosethatareimportanttostatesecurity,theareasofnaturalmonopoly,theareasthatprovidepublicgoodsandservices,,thegeneralorientationofthereorganizationofthestate-ownedeconomyandthereductionofstate-heldsha,thereares,thestate-ownedcapitalcanquitfromtheareasofgeneralcompetitiveneywellandwehavereasontobelievethatthestate-ownedcapitalintheseenterprisesdoesnothavetoquit(thatwillhelpthestate-ownedcapitalpreserveandincreaseitsvalue).Butinlightof“majorprinciples”,itisperhapsabetterchoiceforthiskindofhigh-qualitycapitaltoquitandtoreplenishthesoc,theso-calledcontrolcanbeintheformofexclusivestateownershipand,inmostcases,canbeintheformofstateshare-holding,includingabsolutestateshare-holding,,wecanevendrawonforeignexperienceandintroducethe“goldenshare”system,thatis,thestatehasno“controlthesameamountofothercapitalwithaslessstate-ownedcapitalaspossible”.Sointheareaswherethestateneedstomaintainitscontrol,,telecom,electricity,petroleumandpetrochemicalindustriesareactuallythose,whosehigh-qualitycapitalcanbe“soldatbetterprices”.thereductionandrealizationofpartofthestate-ownedcapitalonlychangestheformoftheexistenceofthestate-ownedcapitalanddoesnotnecessarilycauseanylosstoor“drainaway”,itisindeedimpossibletoruleoutthepossibilityofthestate-ownedcapitalbeing“drainedaway”,thelogicconclusionshouldbetorectifytheexistin,,refusingtoreduceandrealizethestate-heldsharescaninnowayguaranteethatsuchcapitalwillnot“drainaway”.Numerousfactsprovethatwhenthestate-ownedcapitaldoesnotflow,theassetdepreciationduetotheoperatinglossesofthestate-,onemayfindthatafterstockreductionandrealization,thestate-ownedcapitalhasavoided,,,thewagesreceivedbytheiremployeeswereonlyaportionofthetotalduetothem,,pension,healthcare,(orthestate-ownedenterprises),thereinfactexistedacontractualrelationshipthatthestateshouldprovidetheemployeeswithhousing,pension,sinceChinabeganreformandopeningupandastherehaveexistedshortcomingsinthecashbasissystemoftheseenterprises,thestate(orspecificstate-ownedenterprises),replenishingthesocialsecurityfundswithearningsfromthereductionandrealizationofpartoftheexistingstate-heldsharescanbeontrolitseconomicresourcesbywayofrunningenterprisesorcontrollingnon-stockandhigh-liquidityformsofassets,suchasbonds,funds,,suchachoicewasinevitable,foritwastrulydifficulttofindotherwaystomanagemoreresources,,however,onefundamentalchangeisthatresourcesorassetscanbreaktheconfinementofmaterialformandtaketheformofvalue,ghtofthenumberofthestate-ownedorstate-runenterprises,:onescenarioisthatthestate(governmentsatalllevels)isincontroloffinancialrevenueequivalentto20%ofGDPandatthesametimepossessestheassetsofthestate-ownedenterprisesequivalenttoanother20%ofGDP,andthattheseenterprisesarepoorlyoperating,mostlymakinglossesandhavingverylittleliquidity;anotherscenarioisthatthestate(governmentsatalllevels)isincontroloffinancialrevenueequivalentto40%ofGDPandatthesametimepossessesacertainamountofbonds,fund,then,enablesthestatetocontrolmoreresourceargeEnterprisesOneimportantprogressinthereformofstate-ownedenterprisesinrecentyearshasbeenthatgreatbreakthroughshavebe,observationsindicat,attentionisfocusedonthelargestate-ownedenterprises,eachofwhichgenerallyhasassetsworthofseveralhundredmillion,,purchasebyprivatecapitalorothermethodsusedtorestruc,oneimportantquestionishowtofindinvestorswithadequatefinancialstrengthtorwnedenterprisesoperateatahigewlargeinvestors,butalsotheissuesrelatingtotheirtechnologysources,,itispreferable,reducingstate-heldsharesmustfocusonthelargestate-ownedenterprisesa,itshouldenabletheenterprisestoformeffectiveinternalgovernanceandorganizationalst,therecanbemanyoptions....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    富博注册自助领8 88体验金XieFuzhanEconomicsecurityandotherelementslikeeconomicgrowth,fullemployment,economicstabilityandequa’smacro-managementdifferatdifferentdevelopmentstages,indifferentcountriesandagainstdifferentinternationalbackgrounds,buteconomicsecurityisthetargetofmacr,eachcountryisgraduallyexpandingitsopennessandthecross-countryflowofcapital,information,,thereisnoeconomicsecurityforindividualsandhouseholds,,wealsoneedtopayattentiontoandconcernaboutanumberofhouseholdsandindividualstroubledandthreatenedbyeconomicsecurityproblemsevenwh,socialandenviron:first,theinfluencesofmacro-managementonhumaneconomicsecurity;second,thechallengesfacingChina’seconomicsecurity;third,ecurityofindividualsandhouseholdsinvolvesemploymentopportunities,incomelevel,wealthappreciationanddepreciation,utofpovertygraduallywhilewealthyindividualsandhou;short-termorlong-termandsustained;:First,,fastandhealthynationaleconomicgrowth,,,Chinahasbeenstickingtothepolicyoftakingeconomicc,%,andtheannualgro%.%.om250millionbeforethereformandopening-upto34millionbytheendof1999andthegenerallivideconomicdevelopmentwiththenationalforeignexchangereservetotaling160billionUSD,,,nomattercausedbyinflationordeflation,willexertnecome,tojoblesspeopleandtopeopleandhouseholdsbelongingtothedepartments,sect,duetothesupplysurplusonthemarket,,whichresultinunemploymentordeclinedincome,,,theincreaseofnetincomepercapitaforruralresidentssloweddown,andin1990and1991,theincreaseratewasonly2%.Undertheconditionofdeflationin1997and1999,the,therewereincreasedlaid-offworkersanddecreasednewempl,Chinesegovernmentincreasedbyalargemargintheincomeofmediumandlow-incomeurbanresidents,andtookmeasurestoissuetimelythebasiclivingcostallowndandoptimizingthequalityofmacroeconomicoperation,ontheotherhand,,currentlyinChina,somemacro-policieshave,thechangesinemploymentsystemhavebrokenthe“ironbowl”oftheplanningeconomicsystem,whichhaveraisedtheuncertaintyofpeople’sincomeexpectationandpeople’sawarenesstohandlecrisisinfutureeconomicsecurity,,housingreformandmedicalcarereformhavebrokentheoriginalbenefitdistributionpattern,,thereformofhighereducationsystemhasincreasedtheprospectexpenditureonchildren’’sfutureincomeandexpenditurebalancebroughtbythesereforms,people’sconsumptionpsychologyandbehaviorhavebeenaffectedandtheirreactiontot,butmanyreformmeasuresaremorefavorabletopeoplewithvestedinterestsandresultedingreatervulnerabilngreformandimplementingmacro-policies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenXiwenResearchReport,,2000(Total1282)Duringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,anoverallbalancewasachievedbetweenthesupplyanddemandofmajoragriculturalproducts,’sagriculture,whichforlong-termtookthesupplyofsufficientfoodandclothingtothepeopleasitsfundamentaltarget,wouldnowenteran’sagriculture,andtheruralareasasawhole,,andsomehaveresultedfromthesurfacingofsomedeeplyrootedconickenthepaceofsystemandorganizationinnovationwillbethekeytosmoothadvanceofChina’sagricultureandruralworkasawholeintoanewperiodofdevelopment,andthecentraltaskinChina’dbasicappr(1).Glaringcontradictionbetandinattentiontoqualitativeoptimizationforlongyearsinthepasthasobviouslybeenrestrictedbydemand.(2).,townshipenterpriseshavegrownnoticeablywe,therurallabourforcehassufferedasetbackinitstransfertosecondaryandtertiaryindustries,andthetotalnumberofemployeesinagriculturehasbouncedback.(3).Increasingdifficultiesinthegrowthofthefarmers’,thegrowthofaverageper-capitanetincomeoffarmershassloweddownandtheruralareaasawholehassunkintoasituationofearningeverlessfromagricultureandrelyingmershasshrunkfortwoyears.(4).Aggravatingpressu,thepricesofcereals,oilsandotherstapleagricultur’sentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization,pressuresfromthisdirectionwillnoticeablyaggravate.(5).Wideningdiscrepancybetweenthe’stownsandvillagesarebasicallyorganizati,however,areoutward-orientedbusinessoperationorganizationsfromwhichtheycangetmarketinformation,technicalandfundsupport,,theestablishmentoffullgovernmentsatthetownlevelhasledtoaswellingoforganizations,staffandexpenditures,broadmassesofpeopleintheruralareas.(6).Growingdistancebetweenasupportiveandprotectiveagriculturalsystemcharacterizedmainlybypriceprot,governmentswouldshoulderheavierburdens,governmentsubsidiescouldhardlygodirectlytofarmers,,thispractimentduringthe10thFive-YearPlanperiodThebasicapproachofthoughtsaboutagriculturalandruraldevelopmentatpresentandinthenearfuturehasbeendefinedbythedecisionmadeatthe3rdPl,specialattentionshouldbepaidtothreeissues:(1).Itshouldbestressedthatthestrengtheningofagricu,thecomprehensiveproductioncapacityofChina’,inparticular,ingrainproductionforfiveyears,,itwouldbeeasyforblindoptimismtodevelop,Five-YearPlanperiodhasitsinevitability,butitisalsoattributabletosomespecialfactors,suchassubstantialincreaseofthepricesofgovernmentpurchases,unlimitedpurchaseofgrainatprotectiveprices,,however,thegrowthofthepopulation,decreaseofcultivatedland,shortageofwater,,themarketsan,specialattentionshouldbepaidtostrengtheningthebasicpositionofagriculture,protectingandincreasinggrainproductioncapacityduringthe10thFive-YearPlanperiod,periodshouldbeconcentratedmoreonimprovementoftheproduction,livingandmarketconditionsofagricultureandtheruralareasasawhole,promotionofagriculturalscienceandtechnologyandpopularizationofadvancedandapplicabletechnology,establishmentofasystemforcollectionanddisseminationofinformationaboutthemarketsofagriculturalproductsandasystemofqualitystandardsforagriculturalproducts,anddevelopm,thefocusshouldbeputonimprovementofthecomprehensivequalityofagriculture,thequalityofagriculturalproductsandefficiencyofagriculture,andtheincomeoffarmers.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantong,HouYongzhiZhaiFanInordertofacilitatethestudyandresearchonthe10thFive-YearPlan,ourcenter,incollaborationwiththerelevantunits,organizedaninternationalseminaronthegrowthpotentialoftheChineseeconomy,,thefastgrowthofChineseeconomywasstimulatedmainlyb,thepotentialdrivingforceforeconomicgrowthisdecidedbytheimprovement,bothinqualityandquantity,oftheproductivity,,therapidaccumulationofcapitalandtheimprovementinproductivityaccountedforthelion’sshareinthecontributionstothefasteconomicgrowthofChina,thecontributionbytheaggregateoflaborforcewassmall,butthecontributionm,capitalinputcontributedtonearly60%ofChina’seconomicgrowth,thecontributionbytheimprovementinproductivitywas30%,butthecontributionbytheexpansionoftheaggregatelaborforceaccountedformerelyabout12%.,China’sinvestmentratehadalwaysmaintainedatabout35%,andduringabouthalfofthisperiod,investmentratewasclosetoorexceeded40%.Rapidincreaseinresidents’incomeandastrongsavingsinclinationamongthe,theyear-endoutstandingamountofvarioussavingsofthefinancialinstitutionsincreasedfrom160billionyuanto9,,theyear-endsavingsbalanceofresidentsincreasedfrom40billionyuanto5,,itspercentageinthetotalamountincreasedfrom25%to56%.Thesecondreason,theaccumulatedamountofforeigncapitalutilizedtotaledUS$0yearswasfirstcreditedtotheoptimizationofresourcesallocationadvocatedbythereformandopeninguppolicy,andsecondlycreditedtothecontributionsmadebyenterprises’micro-efficiencyimprovement,technologyadvance,andpr,thefollowingfactorscontributedtotheimprovementofproductivity:First,technologyadvanceincreasedthetechnologicalcontentofcapitalandincreasedtheoutputlevelofthesameamountofcapital;Second,theimprovementinthenationaleducationlevelincreasedthetechnologicalcontentoflaborandtheoutputlevelofthesamelaborforce;Third,reformpromotedthereasonableflowofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentsandregions,improvedtheallocationefficiencyofresourcesandstrengthenedenterprises’%from1978to1997,thecontributionbythetransferofrurallaborerswasonepercentagepoint;Fourth,theinflowofforeigncapitalmadeupthedeficiencyofdomesticcapitalsupply,mewiththeinflowofforeigncapital,whichpromotedtheformationofacompetitivemechanismandimprovedthecompetitiven,,thegrowthrateofChineseeconomysloweddownyearbyyear,%%,basedonthisdecline,considerthatChineseeconomyhasdri,Chineseeconomywillcontinuetomaintainitsfastgrowth,urplusofproducts,thelong-te,researchindicatesthatinthemediumandlongterm,thefastgrowthoftheC(1)Itisestimatedthattheinvestmentrateinthecoming10yearsmaycontinuetomaintainatthepresentlevel–35-40%.Thecontinuingincreaseinresidents’incomewillleadtorapidincreaseinresidents’,thestrongsaveatattractiontoforeigninvestors,thestandardizationandtransparencyofforeigncapitalpoliciesaftertheentryintotheWorldTradeOrganizationwil,theinflowofforeigncapitalwillcontinuetomaintainthemomentumofrapidincrease.(2)Alongwiththedevelopmentineducationandurbanization,,majorcontradictioninthefieldofsupplyanddemandoflaboristhefastincreaseofthelaborforceagainsttheaggravatedemploymentpressurecausedbytheadjustmentsofeconomicstructure.(3)Theimplementationofthe“invigoratingthenationthroughscienceandeducation”strategywill,atthetimeofimprovingthequalityofthelaborers,increasethestate’,atthetimeofintroducingforeigncapitalintothecountry,,tedtomaintainorsurpasstheperformanceinthepast20years.(4)China’sindustrializationhasnotcompletedyet,the“dualstructure”oftheeconomystillexistswidely,thereasonabletransferofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentssuchasthetransferoflaborforcefromagriculturetothenon-agriculturalsectors,willleadtothefurtherimprovementinproductivityandthegrowthinthegrossnationaloutput.(5)Alongtheimprovementinthemarketeconomicstructureandtheexpansionanddeepeningoftheopening-uppolicy,competitionamongenterpriseswillintensify,andthiswillultimatelyleadtotheimprovementintheefficiencyoftheoveralleconomicactivities....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.万利国际CQ9跳起来重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ChenXiaohong,ZhangWenkuiLiZhaoxiResearchReportNo187,,thereformofthestateassetmanagementsystemisanimportantissuecloselylinkedtothereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,foritinvolvessuchspecificiss,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteealsolaiddownthestateassetmanagementprinciple,namely,the"centralizedstate-ownership,variouslevelsofgovernmentsupervisionandautomaticenterprisemanagement".TheFourthPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteefurtherstipulatedthesixteen-wordprincipleforstateassetmanagementsystem,namely,"stateownership,variouslevelsofmanagement,dividedsupervisionresponsibilitiesandauthorizedmanagement",andgavelocalgovernmentsmorepowerinthere,manymajorproblemsofthestateassetmanagementsystem,includingthebasicorientationandspecificpolicymanagement,especnagementsystem,,itremainsquiteambiguousinissuessuchasthemeaningofauthorization,sesdispersedinvariousgovernmentdepartments,enterprisesfeelatlossastowhomtoturntowhenimplementingdecisionsthatneedapprovalfromagensesandholdrelevantresponsibilities,theydonothavetheownershiprightsinlegaltermsand,therefore,,interferenceof"shareholders"thatbypasstheirimmediateleadersand"insidercontrol".Thisreportwillputforwardsomeviewsandproposalsontherelationshipforrightsforstate-ownedassets,SystemWheretheCeteassetswhileadheringto"state-ownership"lgovernmentsoverstateassetsisabasicissuerelated"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"andformulatenewstipulationson"authorizedmanagement""variouslevelsofmanagement"shouldbechangedinto"variouslevelsofownership".Webelievethatalthoughtheemergenceofthesystemandtheprincipleof"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"havetheirhistoricalrationale,,therefore,toadjustanddefinetheownershiprightsofthecentralandlocalgovernmentinvestors.·Chinahasalreadyrecognizedthepubliclyacknowledgedbasicprincipleofthemarketeconomicsystemof"whoeverinvestsowns"andhassetupcorrespondinglegalsystem,whichdeviatesfromtheprinciplethatgivesnoregardtoinvestorsbutcentralization;·Variouslevelsofgovernmentsalreadypossesstheownershiprightsatleastoverenterprisesinvestedbythecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsoroverthestate-ownedenterpriseswhosemanagementrightshavelongbeendelegatedtothecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsbythehigherlevelsofgovernments;therefore,anyeffortthatrefusestoadmittheexistingeconomicandlegalrelationsisapttoleadtoshort-termacts;·China’spublicfinancesystemisineffectahierarchicalsystemandwillbefurtherdevelopedandperfectedwiththecompletionofChina’staxationandpublicfinancetransferpaymentsystem;thestate-ownedenterpriseswith"centralizedownership"inthepastshouldbetrulydividedintothestate-owned(centralgovernmentowned)enterprises,localpublic-ownedenterprises(ormaybecalledlocalstate-ownedenterprisesinconsiderationofhistoricalcontinuity)orstateandlocalgovernmentjointlyownedenterprisesbasedontheirrespectiveshares;·Incountriesofmarketeconomy,state-ownedenterprisesorlocalpublic-ownedenterprisesaregenerallycalledpublicenterprisesorpublicinstitutionsownedbyautonomousentities;thepublic-ownedenterprisesofstateautonomousentitiesarethestate-ownedenterprisesandthepublicly-ownedenterpr,evenifitisjustviewedfromtheimplementationlevel,therearestillproblemsifthe"variouslevelsofownership",thereistheproblemofambiguoustargetsof"variouslevelsofownership".Shouldalllocalgovernment-financedenterprisesorenterpriseswhosemanagementrightsaredelegateddownbythecentralgovernmenttolocalgovernmentsbeownedbythelatterWhatarethebasisandconditionsfordoingsoThedelegationofpowerinthepastwasbasedonpreconditionsof"variouslevelsofmanagement"butnotof"variouslevelsofownership".Moreimportantly,thestate"centralizedownership"systeminthepastwasrelatedtotheentirestateeconomicsystems,especiallythepublicfinance,"centralizedownership"system,itisnecessar"delegated"enterprisescloselylinkedtothenationaleconomy,correspondingresponsibilitiesofvariousparties,theirrelationswithmajorenterprisereformpolicies,(),thecompletionofthehierarchicalpublicfinancesystemandtheprocesstoimprovethecorrespondingtaxationsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangWenkuiAnunprecedentedwaveofmergerandaquisition(MA),valueofMAintheworldwasUS$2,500billion,,thefigurerosetoUS$3,,,t’saccessiontoWTOisapproaching,andtheexcessivecapacityandcompetitioninlotsofindustriesareaggravating,indualbackgroundofintensificationofeconomicglobalization,however,itisofgreatimportancetoaccuratelyunderstandthemeaningofrestructuring,correctlykeeptothetargetofrestructuring,,restructuringrefersnotonlytochangesofthebusinessscopesandrelevantassetsofenterprises,andthecontrolofassets,suchasMAspin-offanddivestiturebutalsotoequityreorganizationandtheresultedchangestocorporategovernance,suchastender-offer,sharerepurchase,goingprivate,MBO,andESOP,andrecapitalizationofenterprisesthathaveplungedintodebtcrises,suchasreadjustmentofcategoriesofrelevizationareusuallylinkedtothereorganizationofequityrights,thereo,however,,reorganization,orrecapitalizationoccurstoacertainindustryinamassiveway(especiallywhenrestructuringhasbeenresultedfromMA),ucture,andsubsequentlythemarketbehaviorsandmarketperformanceoftheindustryconcerned,suchasincreasesintheextentofcentralization,specializationorallianceonagreaterscale,loweringofaveragecosts,differentiationofproducts,sincertainindustriesonalargescale,inparticularOfcause,recapitalizationisignitedbydebtcrises,withoutanyargument,whilethefactorslea,especiallywhenbigchangestakeplaceinexternalenvironmentsandinternalconditionsandbreaktheorganizationalbalanceoftheseindustries,,toachievebusinessmy,enlargementoftheextentofspecialization,,fiationoffinancialleverage,andinternalizationofbankingactiviti,underestim,rentitiesofequities,,,marketsofcompanycontrolwoulddevelop,,overheatedpursuitbyenterprisesformarketsharesorevenmonopoly,orenthusiasmonthepartofenterprisemanagersintheexpansionoftheirfieldsofbusinessore,transnationalindu,landregionalboundariesintointernationalmarkets,intensifiedcompetition,andforcedenterprisestor,theyhavenoother“reshuffleofcards”,re-orienttheirmarketingtargets,italmarkets,nstockmarkets,inparticular,haveenabledtheenterprisesinEuropetomakeEurodollaroffersduringtheMAcampaignin1999,andfacilitatedtheannowardthestandardson,too,,aUSeconomist,studiedtheextentofcentrali,ent,thisindexwouldcomeustrialorganizationisgreatandprovidesasolidtheore,Mobil,Boeing,andMacDouglas,forinstance,,,however,theUSgovernmentapprovedthesemergerplanswithoutanydelay....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChengXiusheng,LuHuapu,,roadcapacityinChinesecitieshadbeenlow,theper-capitaroadar,roadconstructionbegantospeedup,,maintaininganannualgrowthofabout10%.Althoughthegrowthspeedwasfast,itstilllaggedfarbehindthe20%,vehiclesinChinesecitiesgrewatanannualrateofmorethan15%,andtheannualgrowthrateofprivateautomobileswasashighas28%.fhighefficiency,energysavingandlowemissionaretobedeveloped,,improvethecitystructureandregion,thefastgrowthofautomobileswouldgiverisetosuchproblemsasenvironmentalpollution,slowerdrivingspeed,increaseinthenumberoftrafficaccidents,thelowerlevelofpublictransportservice(lowerdrivingspeedandlowpunctuality),anddi,thepublicbustransport(includingtrolleybus)inbigcitieshasbeenshrinkingintermsofoperationefficiency,operationmanagement,,,,/1,,however,droppedfrom12-14kilometers/hourto5-10kilometers/hour,thenewlyin,ofallmeansoftransportforurbanresidents,theuseofpublicbusdroppedfrom30%toabout10%rivatecars,this,inreturn,resultedawiderareaoftrafficcongestioninciti’urbanizationandthewideruseofvehicles,urbantransportsystemwilloccupymoreland,consumelargeamountofe,China’scurrentresources(includinglandresources)reserveandenergystructure,environmentalcapacityandtheenvironmentalbearingcapaci,DirectoroftheTransportation,WaterSupplyandUrbanDevelopmentBureauoftheWorldBank,stressedthreemutuallysupplementaryprincipleswhenassessingthesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransport:sustainabilityofeconomyandfinance,,citiesindevelopedcountriesachievethesustainabledevelopmentofurbantransportfromthefollowingtwoaspects:comprehensiveplanningoftransportati’snationalconditionsthatChinesecitiesmustmakegreateffortstodeveloppublictranspordevelopmentofacitycouldbeachievedandwhetherwideruseofautomobilesa,landisinshortsupply,populationdensityishigh,therefore,ntprincipleofgivingprioritytopublictransportforurbanpassengertransportation,andthispolicywasclearlystipulatedinseveralStateCouncildocuments,itiesandintheprocessofurbantransportplanning,con,includingpriorityincapital,planningandconstruction,orintermsofthelong-termdevelopmentstrategyoftheurbantransportation,priorityisgiventoconstructingthefasttracktransportsystem,ictransportsystemintermsoftimeandspace,toincreaseitsspeed,shortentimespentonroadandimprovethetranspor,,inHongKong,carsarenotallowedtomakerightturnsduringrushhoursandonlypublicbuseshavetheprivilegeofmakingrightturns(inHongKong,peopledriveonbenefit).Intermsofspacepriority,specialla,Japan,specialpublicbuslanesaresetalongtheroa,thecityisplanningtoconstructelevatedpublictransportroadsinthecityareasothatthespeedofgroundpublicbusescouldbeincreasedto20km/hfrom10km/emisbasedonthepublictransportsysteminCuritiba,,ithasthefeaturesoflarge-capacitytracktransportsystem,specialroadrights,,italsohastheflexiblecharacteristicsoftheconventionalpublictranspsystem,itisanewandhighlyefficientmodeofpublictransportsolutionwithlowcost,shortconstructionperiod,"groundsubway"nBrazilCuritiba,locatedinsouthernBrazil,(300carsper1,000residents).Thetransportforsu,,thecityhopedtodevelopamodern,,,thelandreservedfovelopedatplacesnearthepublictransportsystem,,designersandplannerspaidspecialattentiontothepublicbusstops(crystaltube-shapedplasticbusstops),whichwereconstructedatthesameheightofthebottomofpublicbus(800mmtotheground).,passengerscouldbuyticketsfirstattheplatforms,andthencou,inordertoreducethestoptime,theleaningpassagefrompublicbuscouldbeextendedtotheplatformwhenthebusstops,sothatp,CuritibafinallydevelopeditsuniqueMetrobussystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo190,isesSincethemid1990s,alongwiththedevelopmentofthemarketeconomyinChinaandchangesintheinternalandexternaleconomicandtradeenvironments,theslowtransformationoftheoperat,,duetotheexuberantvitalityandmarketcompetitiveness,theprivateeconomyhasovertakenthestate-ownedeconomytobecomethemostactive,thef,theproblemoffinancingdifficultythathaslonghauntedprivateenterprisesbeginstoattracttheatt,financingdifficultyoftheprivateenterprisesremainstobeapracticalproblem,,thereislessdifficultyinobt,thankstotheeffortoflocalgovernments,,thecurrentfinancialsystemhasonlygrantedshort-termloanstoprivateenterprises,whilethemid-,insteadofshort-termlending,alargenumberofhigh-techenterprisesinthestart-upstagearemostinneedofthemid-andlong-termloansandequityinvestment,,theproblemoffinancingdifficultyoflargeenterpriseshasbe,,suchasHaire,withovertenbillionyuanofannualsa,therefore,s’,,withtheirproductioncapacity,assetsandreputation,,,sufferfrompoorcredibilityornocredibility,havefewassetsformortgage,with,,thesee,thelargeandmedium-sizedcitiesenjoysufficientcapitalsup,lendingcapitalconcentratesincreasinginthecities,,88countiesinShandongProvinceexperiencedzeroornegativegrowthinloansin2000,whilenoneofthecountiesinH,thedifferenceamongtheownershipsystemisdiminishing,,the“privateownershipfearphobia”,theideologicalproblemsofthelawenforcementandauditingdepartmentsleadthemtoneglectthebadloanaccountsofthestate-ownedenterprises,buttoinvestigatefor,thelendingstaffofbanksusuallytrytoavoidmakingloanstoprivateenterprises,inspecificlendingappraisal,theytendtoreporthigherrisksass,despitearelativelysufficientsocialcapitalatpresent,neithertheformalindirectfinancingsystemnortheca,many,manyprivatehigh-techenterpriseswithhig,theywillnotonlyinfluencethedevelopmentoftheprivateeconomy,butalsofurtherintensifyfinancingactionsoutsidetheformarrentIndirectFinancingSystemOntheonehand,thecommercialbanksholdabundantcapitalbutgenerallyfeelitis“difficulttolend”.Ontheotherhand,manysmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisessufferbitterlyfrom“difficulttoborrow”.Indeed,reform,inordertobreakthehighmonopolyofthestatebanksandpromotemarketcompetition,Chinahasgraduallysetupover,theorganisationaenterprises,thenumberandcapitalstrengthofthesmallandmedium-siz,%%,respectively,akenintoaccount,%%,,,lendingdepartments(committees),therehavebeenfewachievementsinpractice,blygeneraterelativelylargeoverheadexpenses,wnedbanks,minimisingcapita,thelendingrightsofthebranchagenciesofthestate-ownedlargecommercialbanksweretakenback,manynon-bankingfinancialinstitutionsweredissolvedorannexed,,abusinessblankemergedandthefinancingdiffifinancialinstitutionsThefourlargeststate-ownedcommsolvedsincereform,leadingtoseriousdistortionsinthelegalpersongovernances,tocertaindegree,thegovernmentstillregardsth,beartheresponsibilityfortheirownrisksandset,itisverydifficultforthefourlargeststate-owedbankstooperateaccordingtobusinessrules,,withthestrengtheningofloanriskconstraintsandthelackingofthematchingintereststimulatingmechanism,thelendingstaffusuallytrytoavoidrisksinpracticebystressingonthe“absenceofgoodproject”,whichonlyintensifiesthefinancingdifficultyofthesmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以dGuaranteeSysteminChinaSince1998,governmentsatalllevelsbeganexploringthepossibilityofhelpingsmallandmedium-sizedheendofJunethisyssurveyshowsthatthisnetworkdidplayapositiveroleidmedium-sizedenterprisesinoperationcanbesummarizedasfollows:(1)CorporateguaranteeinstitutionsasthemainbodyofthecurrentguaranteesystemMostoftheexistinginstitutionsarecreditguaranteeentities,naggregate,communityandinstitutionlegalentities,ofwhich,inantlybythegovernment(largelywithfiscalfunds),,withindependentaccountingandoperations,responsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosses.(2)HighdispersionasthemaintendencyofguaranteeinstitutionsUnderthegovernmentsponsorshipatvariouslevels,smallandmedium-sizedcreditguaranteeinstitutionshavemushroomedoverthepasttwoyearsinvillages,townships,nofgovernmentleaders,yspecialdepartments,suchasfinancialbureau,townshipenterprisebureau,economicandtradecommissionorassociationofindustryandcommerce,whoserules,haiBranchoftheChinaEconom,theirproviders--financialdepartmentsofvillage,townshipordistr,dispersionevencharacterizestheirdecision-makingmechanism.(3)SmallsizeastheirgeneralcharacterThishas,,thelargesthad10employees,wheDespitetheirpositiveroleindemonstrationandpromotionforcreditguarantee,theseguaranteeinstitutionsarealsoplaguedwiththefollowingnoteworthyproblems:(1)Absenceof,thefundsoftheguaranteeinstitutionsaremostlyonelumpsumfromlocalfiscalbu,havingnooptionotherthanraisingguaranteeconditions.(2)Absenceofrisk-sharingmechanismwithbank,guaranteeinstitutionsgenerallyshoulder70to80percento,fragilestrengthandweaknegotiationpositionmadeitpossibleformostbankstoshiftrisksinvolvedinprovidingcreditforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotheguaranteeinstitutions,withmanyofthemforcedtoundertake100%capacity,butalsoweakenedthebanksexaminationandassessmentoftheenterprises,thusaggravatingrisksasawhole.(3)Lackofstandardizedmanagementan,atpresent,hems,,absenceofhorizontalexchangechannelsamongguaranteeinsti,creditguaranteerequiresexpertiseinfinance,fiscal,law,t-timeemployeesorretirees,,,thismanageme,excessiveguaranteesumforasingleprojectandotherabuses.(4)PronetoimproperandunfairfunddistributionThoughtheoreticallyofpublicwelfareandformassivesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinfundutilization,theco,thenatureofthecorporatesystemmadeitdifficultforthesegovernment-sponsoredguaranteecompaniestobeimmunetoprofittemptations,,someguaranteecompanieswereapttopreferlargeenterprisesandloathethesmallon,,nosh’ssubsidiesagainstriskstoprivateshareholders,alprocess,high,thec,theguaranteeinstitutionsbasicallyofferedtheirservicesonlyforcirculatingfunds,,,theguaranteeinstitutionsdemanded30%asguaranteefund,bankdemandedanother15%asguaranteefund,,,oftheguaranteesofferedbytheCreditGuaranteeAssociationintheYamagataCountyofJapan,70%requirednomortgage,withtheproportionoffundsgoingforequipmentinvestmentsreaching58%andthatlastingfromthreetotenyearshitting61%(seeCreditGuaranteeMonthly,,2001,publishedbytheYamagataCountyCreditGuaranteeAssociation).Clearly,servicesprovidedbytheexistingguaranteeinstitutionsinChinacanhardlymeetfinancingdemandsofthelargenumbersofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、万利国际CQ9跳起来用户至上ca亚洲城MG妹妹很饿,%higherthantheaveragefigureoftheprevious5years().’sentryintoWTO,theimpactof,acomprehensiveands,itisstimulatedbywisepoliciesonagriculture,includingthesignificantraiseofgovernment’spurchasingpricein1994and1996,%,andthepolicyofpurchasingsu,,theexpansionoftheplantedareaforgrain,,,theadvancementofag,however,,affectedbythedomesticdemandandsupplyrelationshipandtheinternationalmarket,,naturaldisastersthataffectgrainoutputbylargeareas,suchasdrought,,theplantedareaofg,theinputoffarmersintogra,apartfromtheadvancementofscienceandtechnologywhichcontinuetopromotetheg,,grainstockofthestateandfarmerswillhavesignificantimpactonthebalancebetweengrainsupp(I)GrainStockoftheStateBytheendofJunethisyear,thegrainstock(grainfortrading)stillstoodatabove250billionkg,,41%iswheat,25%isriceand31%/autonomousregionswheregrainstockexceeds5billionkg,withthetotalamountaccountingfor85%,withthetotalstockaccountingfor58%,includingHenan,Shandong,Hebei,Heilongjiang,JiangsuandAnhui,%,includingHeilongjiang,Jiangxi,Hubei,Hunan,Anhui,Sichuan,Jilin,JiangsuandLiaoning,%,includingJilin,Heilongjiang,Liaoning,InterMongolia,HebeiandShanxi,%,uponcheckingandratificationbythedepartmentsofgrain,financeandqualitysupervision,around45billionkgofthegrainstockarestale,ofwhich,,theycanstillbeusedasfodder.(II)GrainStockoftheFarmersAccordingtoasamplesurveyof67,000ruralfamiliesin31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesthroughoutChinabytheRuralSampleSurveyGeneralTeamoftheStateBureauofStatistics,theaveragegrainstockperpersoninruralfamilieswas605kgattheendof1999,,thegeographiheNortheastandinInnerMongoliaandHebei,ofwhich,,wheretheaveragegrainstockistheleastinChina,%ofthegrainstockforsaleareinNortheastandNorthernChina,ofwhich,thegrainstockforsaleinHeilongjiang,JilinandHebeiaccountsfor40%,armerswillbe405kgpercapita,,itisestimatedthatthetotalgrainstockoffarmersthroughoutChinashouldbeabove350billionkg.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.(2),thegovernmentadjustmentofthepricesfor,forexample,someregionsraisedthetuitionfees,housingrent,thepriceofwaterforcivilianuseandothercharges,thusforcedthepriceindexesforthecategoryofeducation,,thecentralandlocalgovernmentsatvariouslevelsstrengthenedtheregulationandcontroloverthepricesofthemonopolycommoditiesandservices,,policy-orientedpriceadjustments,personalhousingrentsreducedafterthehousingreform,,,,,(nationalretailpriceindex),thusbringin,however,’grainproduction,(consumerpricesin36largecities).Asaresult,,,theimpuction,therisi,,mesticcapitalgoodsbutalsotheentryoftheimportedlow-pricedproductsintothedomesticmarket.(3),,theprice-pullingfactorsincludethecentralgovernmentpolicytocontinueexpandinggovernmentdirectinvestmentthroughtheissuingoftreasurybonds,thepickingupoftheworldeconomyandthestabilizat,thepricesofcopper,aluminumandsteelareslightlyhigher,orableforpricestability,,,icallyproducedproducts,,,thelevelofpricesislikelytopickupsomewhatasaresultofthegradualimplementationofthemacroregula,thepricetrendof,apossiblenegativegrowthcannotberuledout....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORSincethecurrentroundofglobaldecelerationofeconomicgrowthhasresultedfrommarketsurplusofITproducts,’scase,however,exportsoftraditionalproductsslackened,withthegrowthrateoftextilerawmaterialsandtextileproducts,shoes,headwear,%%,andthatofsomete,thetradeofelectro-machineryandhi-techproductswasextremelybrisk,%%eformofprocessingtrade,theirgrowingindicatesthatthegrowthoftheaggregatevolumeofChina’stradeandtheimprovementofstructureisipalitiesintheWesternRegionandBigFallofExportsintheSouthernandtheNortheasternReg,forinstance,%;Jiangsu,%;andShanghai,14%.%growth;Qinghai,%;andGansu,%.Whathasbeeneye-catching,however,isthatgrowthofexportsinth,-%.GuangdongProvince,whichcontributesonethirdtoChina’sexports,%,acityinGuangdongProvince,%torinthesubstantialdecelerationofthegrowthspeedofChina’,andInitialSuccessinTappingNewMarketsItisapparentthatChina’sex,China’sexportstoJapan,EuropeandtheUnitedStates,threeofitsmajorexportmarkets,%,9%%,China’,theChineseGovernmentandtheChineseenterpriseshavemadevigorouseffortstoop’sexportstoAfricaandLatinAmerica,forinstance,stoodat21%%’%%onservicesontheChinesemainland,Hong’sSituationinForeignTradeThecharacteristicsofChina’sforeigntradeintheyear2001,asdescribedabove,haveresultedfromthejointactionofmanyfactors,includingthefollowingbasicfactors:Firstofall,,,’,andbecomeamajorfactortoblamefortheslowdownofChina’’sexportsareexecutedintheformofprocessingtrade,slowdownofexportshasresultedinaslowergrowthofimportsintheformofprocessingtrade....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HouYongzhiFengJieDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,China’seconomymaintainedarapidgrowth,whichincreasedtheovera,Chinasuccessfu:theeconomyrealizeda"softlanding",deflationwasbroughtundercontrol,structuraladjustmentsmadeprogress,ggravatinginequalityofincomedistribution,ModernizationDrive.(I)GreaterOverallEconomicStrengthDuringthe9thFive-YearPlanperiod,(GDP)(1979-1999)andevenlowerthanthe12percentduringthe8thFive-YearPlanperiod,(seechart1).In1999,China’sGDPtotaled8,,whichwascloseto1,,China’sGDPwasexpectedtoreach8,900billionyuan,whichexceededthe1,rategicplanforthemodernizationdrive,Chinahassuccessfullyaccomplishedtheaggregatetargetsforthisperiod.(II)Better-offLifeforthePeople"Abetter-offlifeforthepeopleby2000"wasanimporta,thepercapitadisposableincomeofurbanfamiliesrosefrom4,283yuanto5,854yuanandthepercapitanetincomeofruralfamilieswentupfrom1,578yuanto2,,totalsavingsdepositsoftheurbanandruralresidentsmorethandoubled,risingfrom2,,,withthepercapitasavingsalsodoubledfrom2,356yuanto4,,thetotalsavingsoftheurbanandruralresidentswere238timesasmuchasthatbytheendof1980,,otherfinancialassetsoftheresidents,includingforeignexchangedeposits,stocks,bondsandcash,ZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.。

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